Recommended today《The Lessons of History》

A concise survey of the culture and civilization of mankind, The Lessons of History is the result of a lifetime of research from Pulitzer Prize–winning historians Will and Ariel Durant. 

With their accessible compendium of philosophy and social progress, the Durants take us on a journey through history, exploring the possibilities and limitations of humanity over time. Juxtaposing the great lives, ideas, and accomplishments with cycles of war and conquest, the Durants reveal the towering themes of history and give meaning to our own.

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Mathematical proof of historical cycle and reincarnation

The unstudied generations of the world, with their firefly light, delusionally shine on the size of the universe, and eventually trapped in their own nests to waste their lives. What can be science and can be human is always just the dust of the universe. An attempt to come to the universe with science and humanity is meaningless except to show the ignorance of science and humanity. Of course, within the scope of our understanding, we must try our best to be as poor as possible. We must not blindly believe or not believe. Many people’s belief and unbelief are confused and blind. What is the point of such a recognition?
First of all, a less strict definition is given: if a set of finite elements can keep the set closed under the action of an operator, then the set is finitely closed to the operator. The mysterious things we touch basically belong to this kind of collection. For example, the collection of historical events is obviously limited at first, and secondly, history is still history after history, so for the operator of history, the collection is obviously closed. Six reincarnations, at least as far as we can understand and accept. So, how does such a system appear under the influence of an operator? One of the simplest theorems appears, starting from any element of the set, there will always be a cycle after a limited number of steps.
The proof of this theorem is very simple. If there is no cycle, then this step can go on indefinitely, and the elements appear are different, which is a limited contradiction with the set elements. Note that this theorem is inevitable and absolute at least within the scope of human reason. With this
A theorem, the necessity of the cycle is clear at a glance. The cycle is not mysterious, but contrary to the intuitiveness of most people, it is inevitable, and it is strange to not cycle. As for the consistency of the loop length, this is determined by the degree of consistency of the elements of the set under the operator. For example, the 32-year cycle of modern Chinese history is because China was in a process of going up from the historical trough during this period, and had a relatively stable historical momentum.
Therefore, it is natural to have relatively consistent cycles. The so-called historical power, in the final analysis, is the person itself, just as the stock price is the result of the trader’s comprehensive game, as is the history, the joint force between people constitutes the final power of history.

The cycle is not mysterious. The cycle is triggered by the resonance of our joint efforts. It is ourselves that cause the cycle, and some stupid people are still confused and unbelievable about the triggering of their participation. Of course, historical games are indispensable for these stupid people, just like the stock market is indispensable to be divided and eaten by people, and this is the reality. As for the discussion of the six-course reincarnation, the key is to look at the different nature of the circulation of the classification performance of different elements under the action of the operator. Those who are interested can study it by themselves. .

The Splendid and the Vile: A Saga of Churchill, Family, and Defiance During the Blitz

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • The author of The Devil in the White City and Dead Wake delivers a fresh and compelling portrait of Winston Churchill and London during the Blitz

“Churchill’s lessons of resilience and his style of steady-handed leadership are essential to the state of mind of American readers.”—Vanity Fair

“A bravura performance by one of America’s greatest storytellers.”—NPR

On Winston Churchill’s first day as prime minister, Adolf Hitler invaded Holland and Belgium. Poland and Czechoslovakia had already fallen, and the Dunkirk evacuation was just two weeks away. For the next twelve months, Hitler would wage a relentless bombing campaign, killing 45,000 Britons. It was up to Churchill to hold his country together and persuade President Franklin Roosevelt that Britain was a worthy ally—and willing to fight to the end. 

In The Splendid and the Vile, Erik Larson shows, in cinematic detail, how Churchill taught the British people “the art of being fearless.” It is a story of political brinkmanship, but it’s also an intimate domestic drama, set against the backdrop of Churchill’s prime-ministerial country home, Chequers; his wartime retreat, Ditchley, where he and his entourage go when the moon is brightest and the bombing threat is highest; and of course 10 Downing Street in London. Drawing on diaries, original archival documents, and once-secret intelligence reports—some released only recently—Larson provides a new lens on London’s darkest year through the day-to-day experience of Churchill and his family: his wife, Clementine; their youngest daughter, Mary, who chafes against her parents’ wartime protectiveness; their son, Randolph, and his beautiful, unhappy wife, Pamela; Pamela’s illicit lover, a dashing American emissary; and the advisers in Churchill’s “Secret Circle,” to whom he turns in the hardest moments.

The Splendid and the Vile takes readers out of today’s political dysfunction and back to a time of true leadership, when, in the face of unrelenting horror, Churchill’s eloquence, courage, and perseverance bound a country, and a family, together.

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